“Black Rage in 4 part harmony” by Suzie Q Smith
this picture makes me so sad :(
this picture makes me angry
A Black Woman Speaks of White Womanhood, White Supremacy and Peace
Excerpt by Beah Richards
It is right that I a woman black
Should speak of white womanhood
My husbands, my fathers, my brothers,
My sons died for it
They said, the white supremacists said
That you were better than me
That your fair brow shall never know
The sweat of slavery
They lied, white womanhood too
Is enslaved, the difference is degree
They brought me here in chains
They brought you here willing slaves to man
You bore him sons …
I bore him sons …
No, not willingly
He purchased you
He raped me
You were afraid to nurse your young
Less fallen breasts offend you master’s sight
And he should flee to firmer love letters
And so …
You passed them … your children
On to me …
Flesh that was your flesh
Blood that was your blood
Drank the sustenance of life, from me
And as I gave suck
I knew I nursed my own child’s enemy
I could have lied …
Told you your child was fed
Until it was dead of hunger
But I could not find the heart
To kill orphaned innocence
For as it fed, it smiled
And burped and gurgled with content
And as for color …
Knew no difference
Yes, in that first while
I kept your sons and daughters alive
But when they grew strong
In blood and bone that was of my milk
You taught them to hate me
You gave then the words mammy … and nigger
So that strength that was of myself
Turned and spat upon me
Despoiled my daughters
And killed my sons!!!
some things are just too hard to forgive…
Day 17 of White History Month: De Facto Residential Segregation
I live in a place called Alpine, New Jersey, I live in Alpine, New Jersey, right. My house cost millions of dollars. In my neighborhood, there are four black people - hundreds of houses, four black people. Who are these black people? Well, there’s me, Mary J. Blige, Jay-Z and Eddie Murphy, only black people in the whole neighborhood. So let’s break it down, let’s break it down.Me, I’m a decent comedian, I’m all right. Mary J. Blige, Mary J. Blige one of the greatest R&B singers to ever walk the earth. Jay-Z one of the greatest rappers to ever live. Eddie Murphy one of the funniest actors to ever, ever do it. Do you know what the white man that lives next door to me does for a living? He’s a (beep) dentist. He ain’t the best dentist in the world. He ain’t going to the Dental Hall of Fame. He don’t get plaques for getting rid of plaque. He’s just a yank-your-tooth-out dentist. See, the black man got to fly to get something the white man could walk to. - Chris Rock
Most Americans are aware of segregation that was legally enforced during the time of Jim Crow laws, yet they remain unaware of modern-day residential segregation.
While no longer legally enforced, residential segregation persists due to policies of the past, institutional discrimination, and the prejudice of individual white people. White Americans may believe that segregation is over, but neglect to notice that they probably do not have Black friends, Black neighbors, or Black coworkers. They probably did not have very many Black classmates, but may attribute this to coincidence or the personal failings of individual Black people. White preferences, white violence, and institutional discrimination have led to residential segregation, which continues today between Black Americans and other groups.
While the South was legally segregated due to Jim Crow laws, this was not the case in the North. Northern cities were not segregated even when there were ethnic enclaves and ghettos. There were neighborhoods where some Black people live, but they were not composed mostly of Black people, and most Black people did not live in those neighborhoods. In the 19th century, Black people were overrepresented in poor areas but lived in circumstances similar to poor whites and European immigrants. Black and white people in the North lived among each other, went to church together, worked together. There was a clear Black upper and middle class.
Formation of the Ghetto
Everything changed around the turn of the century. As Black Southerners began to move to Northern cities, and as European immigrants arrived, problems started. Race riots, violence, and intimidation (with Black people as the targets on the East Coast and Asian Americans on the West Coast) were commonly used by white Americans to force people of color out of their neighborhoods or to keep their neighborhoods white. White Americans used violence and intimidation to confine Black Americans to certain areas. White Americans even threatened and used violence against upper class and middle class Black people - this was not at all an issue of class. Black Americans were safer in areas where they were concentrated, but this was not a voluntary decision. White preferences irrationally led to violence that kept Black Americans out of neighborhoods - threatening letters, gunshots, rocks being thrown, crosses being burned, houses and offices being burned, and more.
White home owners began to form neighborhood “improvement associations” in order to prevent Black people from entering their neighborhoods. These associations would also collect funds to purchase houses from Black home owners (such as in A Raisin in the Sun). The active creation of the ghetto led to the disappearance of the Black elite. Hypersegregation was harmful and concentrated poverty in Black areas. Additionally, in hard times, communities and neighborhoods can often benefit from having middle class neighborhoods, but Black Americans had and have no such benefit.
No other group has been hypersegregated to the extent of Black Americans. Even Hispanic Americans are not segregated to the same extent as Black people, despite similar poverty and socioeconomic status shared by the two groups.
Restrictive covenants did not exist before the turn of the century. By 1910, they were very commonly established by real estate boards. White home owners and real estate associations continued to use them to keep Black Americans out until they were struck down by the Supreme Court in 1948 (Shelley v. Kraemer).
The suburbanization of America is largely a result of HOLC (Home Owners Loan Corporation), FHA, and VA loans. White couples started having families and left inner cities which made home prices drop. In 1940, only one-third of residents in metro areas lived in suburban areas, but by 1970, the majority of those in metro areas lived in the suburbs. Now, instead of relying solely on intimidation and violence against Black people to keep them out or force them out, white legislators and planners forced Black Americans into the ghetto, while white home buyers moved to the suburbs. By 1960, 90% of all neighborhoods where Black people lived were either all Black or close to it. Redlining contributed to white flight by devaluing the inner city and investing in white suburbs.
Redlining and Loan Denial
HOLC granted low-interest loans to home owners who had their homes foreclosed during the depression. During this time, HOLC started the process of redlining through its risk evaluation system. The areas that were considered the highest risk and lowest quality were coded with the color red. Racially mixed neighborhoods were believed to be unstable and thus coded as red. This was due to racial violence which ironically was initiated by white people. Black neighborhoods were always red. Even neighborhoods with small percentages of Black people were considered at risk and thus coded red.
The HOLC coding in itself was problematic, but it was downright devastating due to the fact that HOLC’s system was also used by the FHA, VA, and private banks to determine worthiness for loans. The FHA and VA accounted for one-third of mortgages after World War II. FHA loans were mostly distributed to suburban home buyers, and particularly to white home buyers. Black home buyers received only 3% of home loans underwritten by the FHA and VA in 1960. A study by Kenneth Jackson showed that 5 times the number of loans went to St. Louis County than the city it surrounded (St. Louis).
As early as 1950s, Helper (Racial Policies and Practices of Real Estate Brokers) showed that banks were reluctant to give loans to Black Americans. Sixty two percent of realtors in her study felt that few or very few banks would loan money to Black Americans, and 50% said that banks would not loan money to people in areas were there were Black people, where Black people had increased in number, or where there was the possibility Black people would move in. In recent years, there were many studies that proved that loan rejection rates could not be explained by income alone.
Realtors Still Discriminate (Even If It’s Illegal)
Although realtors can no longer bar Black people from seeing homes, they still discriminate against them and enforce white preferences. Black people may be told a house or apartment was just sold or rented. They may be told that only the advertised unit is available and shown no others. The neighborhood is less likely to be spoken off in positive terms with Black home buyers, but is likely to be spoken highly of to white home buyers. Realtors may attempt to steer Black home buyers toward areas that are poorer and with high concentrations of Black residents.
Realtors may say that they are busy, may take phone numbers and never make contact. Black people are more likely to be told a higher advertised price than white people, and may be shown units but receive no help with financing. Most of all, realtors may just treat Black home buyers rudely in hope that they will leave.
While this experience is known to Black people, housing audits confirm this. From the 1960s to the present, these patterns have been found. A 1987 study showed that Black people have a 20% chance of experiencing discrimination in home sales, and a 50% chance of experience discrimination in rental markets.
White Preferences Continue
White people value the absence of Black people over low crime and the presence of good schools and home values. When a neighborhood reaches a composition that is 65% Black, virtually no white people are willing to move in. Even when the schools are wonderful, crime is low, and home values are high, white people simply do not want to live among Black people. This does not reflect Black preferences, either. Black people would actually prefer a 50/50 mixture of white and Black in their ideal neighborhood, more often than not. This is not simply wanting to stay among their own group, as no other group has this preference. White people also do not avoid neighborhoods as the percentage of Asian and Hispanic home owners increases.
White people stay away from Black areas and even away from neighborhoods near Black areas. In surveys over the past 3 decades, a large percentage of white people think that Black people are less likely to take care of their homes and yards, are prone to violence, are likely to cheat and steal, are immoral, and are loud. A significant portion of white people also view
De facto segregation is a major factor in why white people simply don’t have Black friends, Black neighbors, or Black classmates. Until white people go to college, they are unlikely to encounter Black people in their neighborhoods, schools, or social circles. It is partially a result of past legal segregation, but in reality, de facto segregation - racial covenants, redlining, loan denial, and white violence and intimidation have led to residential segregation. White preferences have controlled (and often still control) the housing opportunities and life chances of Black Americans due to their own anti-Black racism.
and now you know…
African American Scholar Charles Lawrence (via locksandglasses)
so well said and you could include Africans, Asians, Middle Eastern, Eastern Europeans, etc… but you get the point.
What’s Up Africa?
It’s one of those things I don’t know if I will ever get over it. How could Israel’ state get away with the way their government acts toward Palestinians? And now it’s these Sudanese migrants. Yes, it’s not the same and yes Europeans are much worse when it comes to immigration, but still. Don’t get me wrong, I have nothing against Jewish people but their government acts like any other crappy government out there.
The funny part is that I realize that my expectations of Israel’s state to act different not only come from the myth about Israel that’s promoted, but also the sense I get from American news media that they are blameless. I do thank Ikenna for reporting on this “small” event.
Stokely Carmichael speech (4/7) - Two types of oppression, Exploitation and Colonization
We need each other, we have to have each other for our survival. We got to have each other, from the revolutionaries to the conservatives - a black united front is what we’re about, a black united front is what we’re about. Now there’s some people may not understand Brother Rap when he talks about whom we ally with. He says we have to ally with Mexican-Americans, Puerto Ricans, and the dispossessed people of the earth. He did not mention poor whites. We must understand that. I will not deny that poor whites in this country are oppressed. But there are two types of oppression. One is exploitation, the other is colonization. And we have to understand the difference between both of them. Exploitation is when you exploit somebody of your own race. Colonization is when you exploit somebody of a different race. We are colonized, they are exploited. They are exploited.
Now let us explain how the process of exploitation and colonization works. If I am black and I am exploiting you who are also black, we have the same values, the same culture, the same language, the same society, the same institutions, so I do not have to destroy those institutions for you. But if you are of another race, if you have a different culture, different language, different values, I have to destroy all of those who make you bow to me. And that is the difference between poor black and poor white. Poor whites have their culture, have their values, have their institutions, ours have been completely destroyed, completely destroyed, completely destroyed.
So when you talk about alliances you recognize you form alliances with people who are trying to rebuild their culture, trying to rebuild their history, trying to rebuild their dignity, people who are fighting for their humanity. Poor white people are not fighting for their humanity, they’re fighting for more money. There are a lot of poor white people in this country, you ain’t seen none of them rebel yet, have you? Why is it that black people are rebelling? Do you think it’s because it’s just poor jobs? Don’t believe that junk the honky is running down. It’s not poor jobs - it’s a question of a people finding their culture, their nature and fighting for their humanity, for their humanity, for their humanity, for their humanity.
We have been so colonized that we are ashamed to say we hate, and that is the best example of a person who’s colonized. You sit in your house, a honky walks in your house, beats you up, rapes your wife, beats up your child, and you don’t have the humanity to say, “I hate you.” You don’t have it. That is how dehumanized we are. We are so dehumanized we cannot say “Yes, we hate you for what you have done to us.” Can’t say it, can’t say it. And we are afraid to think beyond that point. Who do you think has more hatred pent up in them, white people for black people or black people for white people? White people for black people, obviously the hatred has been more. What have we done to them for them to build up this hatred? Absolutely nothing. Yet we don’t even want to have the chance to hate them for what they’ve done to us. And if hate should be justified, we have the best justification of all for hating the honkies. We have it for hating the honkies, we have it, we have it. But we have been so dehumanized, we’re like a dog which the master can throw out the house, which the master can spit on, and whenever he calls, the dog comes running back. We are human beings and we have emotions. We’re fighting for our humanity, we’re fighting for our humanity, and in regaining our humanity we recognize all the emotions that are in us. If you have love, you’ve got to have hate. You don’t have one-sided emotions, that’s a lot of junk. You always have two sides - hot, cold, white, black - everything goes - love, hate. ‘Cause if you don’t have hate, you cannot differentiate love, you cannot do it, you cannot do it.
Now then that brings us to the point of this thing about communism and socialism. Let’s get to that, once and for all. Communism is not an ideology suited for black people, period. Period. Socialism is not an ideology fitted for black people, period. Period. And I will tell you why. And it must become crystal clear in our minds. Now we don’t say that because the honkies call us communist, we don’t care what they call us, it don’t make a difference, don’t make a difference. The ideologies of communism and socialism speak to class structure. They speak to people who oppress people from the top down to the bottom. We are not just facing exploitation. We are facing something much more important, because we are the victims of racism. Communism nor socialism does not speak to the problem of racism. And racism, for black people in this country, is far more important than exploitation. ‘Cause no matter how much money you make in the black community, when you go into the white world you are still a nigger, you are still a nigger, you are still a nigger.
So that for us, the question of racism becomes uppermost in our minds. It becomes uppermost in our minds. How do we destroy those institutions that seek to keep us dehumanized? That is all we’re talking about. On the question of exploitation, it comes second.
Now for white people who are communists, the question of communism comes first, because they’re exploited by their other people. If you were exploited by other black people, then it would be a question of how we divide the profits. It is not that for us, it is not that for us. It is a question of how we regain our humanity and begin to live as a people - and we do not do that, because of the effects of racism in this country. We must therefore consciously strive for an ideology which deals with racism first, and if we do that we recognize the necessity of hooking up with the nine hundred million black people in the world today. That’s what we recognize.
And if we recognize that, then it means that our political situation must become international. It cannot be national, it cannot be national, it must be international, must be international. It must be international because if we knew anything, we would recognize that the honkies don’t just exploit us, they exploit the whole Third World - Asia, Africa, Latin America. They take advantage of Europe, but they don’t colonize Europe, they colonize Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Understand that.
If we begin to understand that, then the problems America is heading for become uppermost in our minds. The first one they’re heading for is the conflict in the Middle East. We must declare on whose side we stand. We can be for no one but the Arabs. There can be no doubt in our minds, no doubt in our minds, no doubt in our minds. We can be for no one but the Arabs because Israel belonged to the Arabs in 1917. The British gave it to a group of Zionists who went to Israel, ran the Palestinian Arabs out with terrorist groups, organized the state and did not get anywhere until Hitler came along and they swelled the state in 1948. That country belonged to the Palestinians. Not only that, they’re moving to take over Egypt. Egypt is our motherland - it’s in Africa.
We do not understand the concept of love. Here are a group of Zionists who come anywhere they want to and organize love and feeling for a place called Israel, which was created in 1948, where their youth are willing to go and fight for Israel. Egypt belongs to us four thousand years ago and we sit here supporting the Zionists. We got to be for the Arabs, period. Period.
one thing he didn’t know at the time and hopefully he learned it later is that he’s really underestimating the reach and depth racism against Black people has spread worldwide: Latinos, Arabs and Asians mostly don’t have the warmest feelings toward us and I blame it on the media that has diligently spread all sorts of myths about us. I think in today’s world racism is still a relevant discussion, but in Africa, exploitation of blacks by other blacks is the main issue there…